Marginal growth in jobs in selected sectors, says govt report

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By Our Special Correspondent

New Delhi, September 27: The Central government on Tuesday claimed a marginal increase in employment in selected nine sectors which netted about 14 lakh jobs in the last quarter.

“The estimated employment has increased from 3.14 crore of the third quarter (September-December, 2021) to 3.18 crore of 4th Quarter (January-March, 2022). It is important to mention here that the total employment in these nine selected sectors taken collectively was reported as 2.37 crore in the sixth Economic Census (2013-14),” said the Ministry of Labour, while releasing the report.

The Report on quarterly employment survey being a demand side survey along with the supply side survey, i.e., Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), will bridge the data gaps on employment in the country, added the Ministry.

Union Minister for Labour & Employment Bhupender Yadav released report on Fourth Round (January-March, 2022) of Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) part of All India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES).

The AQEES has been taken up by the Labour Bureau to provide quarterly estimates about the employment and related variables of establishments in both organized and unorganized segments of nine selected sectors which account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.

The nine selected sectors are manufacturing, construction, trade, transport, education, health, accommodation & restaurant, IT/BPO and financial services.

All India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey (AQEES) has two components – the Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) and the Area Frame Establishment Survey (AFES).

“The former relates to the establishments employing 10 or more workers whereas the latter relates to the establishments employing nine or less workers,” added the Ministry.

The QES as a part of the AQEES was launched in April, 2021 to capture important information in terms of employment and related variables in the organized sector of the economy, noted the Ministry.

The survey captures data from about 12,000 establishments in each quarter. The first such report for the period April-June, 2021 was released in the month of September, 2021

While releasing the 4th Quarterly Report, Yadav said that the employment is showing an increasing trend in the selected sectors of the economy.

The report estimated a total of 3.18 crore workers being engaged in 5.31 lakh establishments during the 4th round, compared to a total of 3.14 crores in the third quarter. Manufacturing sector accounts for the largest percentage (38.5 per cent) of the total number of workers, followed by Education with 21.7 per cent, IT/BPO sector with 12 per cent and health 10.6 per cent.

“An estimated 80 per cent of the establishments engaged 10 to 99 workers. This figure increases to 88 per cent if we restrict ourselves to establishments with 10 or more workers. About 12 per cent of the establishments reported less than 10 workers,” added the Ministry.

Only 1.4 per cent of the establishments reported at least 500 workers. Such large establishments were mostly in the IT/BPO sector and the health sector, noted the report.

“Female workers participation reported marginally increase from 31.6 per cent in the third quarter to 31.8 per cent in the 4th quarter report. However, female workers constituted about 52 per cent of the workforce in the health sector, the corresponding percentages in education, financial services and IT/BPO sector stood at 44 per cent, 41 per cent and 36 per cent respectively,” added the report.

In financial services, females far outnumber males among self-employed persons, found the report.

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